16) Leeds United (-£49.5m)

A sizeable chunk of that net deficit came in the closing hours before the transfer deadline when the Whites spent £25m on Manchester United winger Daniel James. The Welshman was a long-term target for manager Marcelo Bielsa.

15) West Ham United (-£48.5m)

For most of the summer, it seemed the Hammers weren’t going to do any business whatsoever but they secured the services of Chelsea’s Kurt Zouma and CSKA Moscow’s Nikola Vlasic for sizeable sums before the window closed.

14) Leicester City (-£45.6m)

The Foxes did some smart business by investing in Patson Daka, Boubakary Soumare and Jan Vestergaard; strengthening what was already a strong squad.

13) Brentford (-£30.5m)

The newly-promoted side were rather frugal in the transfer market, and they haven’t decided to go all-in in the hopes of retaining their top-flight status. Whether the risk will pay off, we shall have to wait and see.